Similarly, to ensure the independence of the data in the case of follow-up studies when multiple measurements were reported across time a single estimate of effect size was included.
An intervention was defined as comprehensive or safer-sex if it included a strong component on the benefits of use of contraceptives as a legitimate alternative method to abstinence for avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
For the purposes of this review the probability level chosen for significance testing was 0. A limitation to the coding of these and of other potentially relevant and interesting moderator variables was the scantiness of information provided by the authors of primary research.
In terms of the characteristics of the programs, the features coded were: Among the set of categorical predictors studied, parental participation in the program, virginity status of the sample and scope of the implementation were statistically significant. Thus, this bibliography and the scholarship cited in this article reflect the leanings and concerns of public debate, though this article has made an effort to include authors and texts that resist the conventional leanings and push our thinking beyond the usual bounds.
Jana Jasinski Review of Literature "Sex education has been found to have a positive effect on attitudes toward condom use.
For instance, it is possible that the studies that reported success in achieving parental involvement may have been dealing with a larger percentage of intact families or with parents that espoused conservative sexual values.
Interestingly there was a significant change in effect sizes across time, with effect sizes appearing to wane across the years. Two exceptions are the quantitative overviews by Frost and Forrest Frost and Related literature about sex education, and Franklin et al.
However, given that recent evidence indicates that weaker designs yield higher estimates of intervention effects Guyatt et al. The confidence interval for parent participation does not include zero, thus indicating a small but positive effect.
Only one effect size from each pair of articles was included to avoid the possibility of data dependence. It is not likely that this represents a decline in the quality of sex education interventions.
Discussion This review synthesized the findings from controlled sex education interventions reporting on abstinent behavior. The impact of lengthening currently existing programs should be evaluated in future studies.
In a matter of seconds, everybody throughout Germany knew about it. The larger effects associated to small-scale trials seems worth exploring. Second, unpublished studies are hard to locate and the quality of unpublished research makes it doubtful whether the cost involved in undertaking retrieval procedures is worth investing.
Perhaps topics such as these need to be consistently integrated into contemporary sex education. Although abstinence-only and safer-sex programs differ in their underlying values and assumptions regarding the aims of sex education, both types of programs strive to foster decision-making and problem-solving skills in the belief that through adequate instruction adolescents will be better equipped to act responsibly in the heat of the moment Repucci and Herman, Results The search for school-based sex education interventions resulted in 12 research studies that complied with the criteria to be included in the review and for which effect sizes could be estimated.
Previous research has identified high-risk attitudes toward condoms that lead to risky sexual behavior. Abstinence and Abstinence-Only Education In the United States, abstinence continues to structure debates about sex education, even as study after study dispute the effectiveness of abstinence-only education for reducing teen pregnancy, delaying the onset of sexual activity, and promoting safer sex practices among youth see, for example, Santelli, et al.
Demographic characteristics included the following variables: Research such as this indicates that knowledge about sexuality is not a single predictor of safe sex behavior. However, for the rest of the variables, no similar assumptions seemed appropriate, and therefore if no pertinent data were reported for a given variable, it was coded as missing see Table I.
And, though young people learn about sex and sexuality throughout their days and lives, US debates about sexuality education focus on school-based learning.
These are referred to in the literature as abstinence-only or value-based programs Repucci and Herman, As a result of integrating vital information that at one time was considered taboo into sex education, positive, safer outcomes for young people are now possible.
These high-risk behaviors among college students are largely due to students not recognizing any personal risk and due, in part, to the influence of alcohol when engaging in sexual activity.
In order to avoid data dependence, a conservative strategy of including only one finding per study was employed in this review. The study pointed out the need to target more interventions for safe sex, especially when under the influence of alcohol. Branching from the bibliographies and reference lists in articles located through the original search provided another source for locating studies.
If a goal of sex education is to promote safe sex practices, it can only be assumed that programs are having the desired effects without assessing actual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. The goals were to: This shows many different attitudes towards homosexuality and how society can change.
This bibliography also focuses on sexuality education in the United States, though included are some texts written about other national contexts when the arguments have particular resonance with US concerns.
The scope of the implementation also appeared to moderate the effects of the interventions on abstinent behavior. Suggestions to address this limitation are provided.Sex Education and Adoption Education (in 7th – 12th grades): A Comprehensive Review of the Literature Sex Education Literature Review.
The second section discusses the Literature Review on birth rate does not appear to be related to an increase in abortion rates since abortion rates in The following search terms were used teen, Student no: 4 A literature review on the role of sex education in preventing teenage pregnancy teenage, adolescent, adolescence, pregnancy, health education, sex education and education.
The present study consisted of a meta-analytic review of the research literature on the effectiveness of school-based sex education programs in the promotion of abstinent behavior implemented in the past 15 years in the US in the wake of the AIDS epidemic.
Sex education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge through teaching and learning of sexual activities and sexual behavior. Sex education is now growing all over the world starting at adolescence. In This Article Sex Education in the United States. Introduction; Abstinence and Abstinence-Only Education; Construction of Childhood, Youth, and Adolescence Related Articles about.
About Related Articles close popup. Children and the Body; Sex Education: Sexuality. The Review of Related Literature from a Thesis entitled Knowledge and Perception of High School Students with Regards to Sex Education and its Content/5(9).Download