Introduction to ethics

Under the umbrella of this general characterization there are, however, many interpretations of women and their oppression, so that it is a mistake to think of feminism as a single philosophical doctrine, or as implying an agreed political program. Note that the "Return to Home Page" link in the essays themselves will go to the home page of the journal, not back to this page.

Already the last of the FriesiansI did not want to be the last tenured philosopher at Valley. The rules that should be adopted are the rules that would produce the best results if they were adopted by most people.


Interesting, easily recognized examples from daily life illustrate and explain the points that are made. Then we can say that women as a group are being disenfranchised and that this is a form of sexist oppression because part of the explanation of why women cannot vote is that they are women, and women are deprived an education.

A second problematic strategy has been to consider as paradigms those who are oppressed only as women, with the thought that complex cases bringing in additional forms of oppression will obscure what is distinctive of sexist oppression.

I began teaching at Valley in the Fall of You are a very good teacher and really know how to get your point across. For example, Iris Young describes five "faces" of oppression: Topics in the booklet "An Introduction to Ethics": Others disagree about the background moral or political views.

What is the nature of the wrong that feminism seeks to address? For example, the practice of raping Bosnian women was an intersectional injustice: On this view, to claim that women as women suffer injustice is to claim that women are oppressed. Feminists, however, at least according to popular discourse, are ready to both adopt a broad account of what justice for women would require and interpret everyday situations as unjust by the standards of that account.

The suggestion that sexist oppression consists in oppression to which one is subject by virtue of being or appearing to be a woman provides us at least the beginnings of an analytical tool for distinguishing subordinating structures that happen to affect some or even all women from those that are more specifically sexist.

What makes a particular form of oppression sexist? Unlike many feminist comrades, I believe women and men must share a common understanding--a basic knowledge of what feminism is--if it is ever to be a powerful mass-based political movement.

This includes cases in which women as a group are explicitly targeted by a policy or a practice, but also includes cases where the policy or practice affects women due to a history of sexism, even if they are not explicitly targeted.

Neither was she speaking for lesbians. Without caller ID, I had to answer all those annoying phone calls from people selling things, asking for money, or trying to run a con.

But of course this is not the case, or at least not straightforwardly so. Of course this qualification might be and is used for various purposes, but one persistent usage seems to follow the qualification with some claim that is hard to distinguish from claims that feminists are wont to make.

This strategy would have us focus in the U.

Introduction to ethics

Furthermore because sexist institutions are also, e. JamesJames seems here to be using the notions of "oppression" and "disadvantage" as placeholders for more substantive accounts of injustice both normative and descriptive over which feminists disagree.

Introduction to Feminism, Topics: What Is Feminism?

On this account, that women and men ought to have equal rights and respect is the normative claim; and that women are denied equal rights and respect functions here as the descriptive claim.

Women as a group experience many different forms of injustice, and the sexism they encounter interacts in complex ways with other systems of oppression. On one hand, the claim that someone is oppressed because she is a woman suggests that the best causal explanation of the subordination in question will make reference to her sex: The following is an index by class of these materials and of syllabi for previous classes.

Note, however, that by phrasing the task as one of identifying the wrongs women suffer and have sufferedthere is an implicit suggestion that women as a group can be usefully compared against men as a group with respect to their standing or position in society; and this seems to suggest that women as a group are treated in the same way, or that they all suffer the same injustices, and men as a group all reap the same advantages.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philisophy: But if the injustice takes a form that, e. A person should choose the act that does the least amount of harm to the greatest number of people. The references I provide below are only a small sample of the work available on the topics in question; more complete bibliographies are available at the specific topical entries and also at the end of this entry.Materials for the classes of KL Ross at Los Angeles Valley College.

Materials for the classes of KL Ross at Los Angeles Valley College

The Proceedings of the Friesian School journal website contains many of the essays and reference materials that were used in handouts in the philosophy classes of K.L.

Ross at Los Angeles Valley following is an index by class of these materials and of syllabi for previous classes. Sep 25,  · Ethics is a branch of philosophy that covers a whole family of things that have a real importance in everyday life.

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Our self-image as moral, well-behaved creatures is dogged by scepticism, relativism, hypocrisy, and nihilism, by the fear that in a Godless world science has unmasked us as creatures fated by our genes to be selfish and tribalistic, or competitive and aggressive.

Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction introduces the issues and controversies of contemporary moral philosophy. It gets students to struggle with the big questions of morality while it also relates these questions to practical issues, especially racism, global warming, moral education, and abortion.

This work consists of two chapters from the book The Meaning of Love, by Richard Garlikov, which serve as a self-contained introduction to the subject of ethics. This introduction should be helpful to anyone who is taking an introductory level college course in ethics or anyone who would like to learn about moral philosophy on his or her own.

Introduction to ethics
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