Others fled to other states or beyond the Appalachians to make new settlements. Fees exacted by officers were claimed to be exorbitant, while the officers themselves were, so far as a large number were concerned, either corrupt or inefficient, and in many cases, both.
Despite hesitation from his own forces, Governor Tryon allegedly initiated the main battle of Alamance on May 16 by shooting Robert Thompson, who was the first death of the battle.
Hunting also pushed well into the boundary of the local natives, the Creek Indiansexacerbating their already tense relationship with colonists. Battle of Alamance May 16, A Regulator movement developed in the s in western South Carolina among groups interested in establishing law and order.
Also, the Provincial Government in Charles Town successfully confronted backcountry "Regulators" and averted a civil war. His officers wore yellow cockades as a readily-identifiable badge of authority, while the Regulators had no officer higher than captain and each individual company was operating independently of the others.
But when the day came, though twelve delegates appeared on the part of those who were demanding relief, no officer was in attendance; such failure, it was charged, being due to the influence of Edmund Fanning, who, deeming the meeting an insurrection, had counseled his fellow office-holders to remain away.
A number of influential members of the area communities signed the Regulator Advertisement and the Regulator Petitionof which there were several versions of each. Many of the officers were very greedy and often would band together with other local officials for their own personal gain.
For twenty years immediately preceding the organization of Chatham County as a political subdivision of the state of North Carolina, the territory now embraced within its boundaries was a part of the county of Orange. If he came to "suppress all the disturbers of the public peace and to punish according to their deserts the original offenders in government," by which they meant the local officials in the government, then they would join him, otherwise they were ready to oppose him.
In local government he and the council appointed the county justices while he alone appointed militia officers and selected the sheriff from three freeholders whose names had been submitted to him by the county court.
About the same time word came that the governor was going to spendto build a residence. These bold Regulators, however, were not supported by their comrades, most of whom had early taken leave of the field of battle.
Tryon then ordered the woods to be set on fire. Some of the Regulators petitioned the Royal Governor to give up seven captured Regulators in exchange for two of his men that they had captured the previous day.
They advised Tryon to call out the militia and to march against the Regulators "with all expedition. He gave them one hour in which to determine their course, at the expiration of which he sent for the reply; the officer who went for it advising that unless they dispersed the governor would fire upon them, whereupon they replied: The colonial office-holder, who more than all others, by his conduct, furnished the principal cause and excuse for the Regulation movement, was Edmund Fanning, chief representative of the royal government, and the dominating factor in Orange County.
On the morning of the sixteenth Tryon ordered his army of something less than 1, men and officers into battle formation with the companies from Carteret, Orange, Beaufort, New Hanover, and Dobbs, plus his artillery, in the lead, followed by companies from Onslow, Johnston, and Dobbs.
The system of taxation, which had apparently been devised without regard to justice or fairness, provided that all taxes should be levied on the poll, so that the owner of a single ox was required to pay the same as was the owner of a ten thousand acre farm and the cattle on countless hills.
But they seemed to have felt little inclined to be content with what they had gained, and so, impatient for a more speedy relief than either the courts or the Assembly seemed willing to secure for them, that they now entered upon a career of excesses that lost them, to a considerable extent, that popular sympathy that had heretofore been theirs.
After a trial before a justice of the peace the two prisoners were confined in the Hillsboro jail. The chief causes of popular complaint were high taxes, corrupt and rapacious officials, and extortionate fees.
Legal remedies seemed to the Regulators very slow in taking effect. At this point, Governor Tryon shot negotiator Robert Thompson dead in a spate of anger. Those of you who are not too far committed should desist and quietly return to your homes, those of you who have laid yourselves liable should submit without resistance.
Fanning was found guilty of extortion on five counts and fined one penny for each offense. After the Revolution, he returned to North Carolina, but only remained for a short time. His activity as a pamphleteer, however, had given him such a reputation that it was impossible to convince the provincial government that he was not the chief leader of the popular side.
Hunting also pushed well into the boundary of the local natives, the Creek Indianshurting the already tense relationship with colonists. No theory of government was involved and therefore the War of the Regulation which culminated in the Battle of Alamance must be regarded as one of the preliminary thrusts before the Revolution while the people and the colonial officers were trying to adjust the demands of the masses to the requirements of the government.
Bybands of brigands and marauders began to operate in the area. There were known regulators, of whom 32 became justices of the peace, and 21 were militia leaders. They threatened death to all clerks and lawyers who came among them and declared Fanning an outlaw whom any Regulator might kill on sight.
He had two nephews who became distinguished American soldiers in the War ofand they rendered valiant service in behalf of the republic to whose liberties their uncle had always been an enemy.
Grievances affecting the daily lives of the colonists included excessive taxes, dishonest sheriffs, and illegal fees. Reverend Caldwell and Robert Thompson.— from The War of the Regulation and the Battle of Alamance by William S. Powell Formation of the Regulators During the years leading up to the American Revolution many North Carolina people became strongly discontented with the way the provincial government was handling the colony's affairs.
After the Cherokee War, large numbers of new settlers poured into the South Carolina backcountry. Bybands of brigands and marauders began to operate in the area. Jul 30, · The War of Regulation was a turbulent time and evidence of the struggle survives at Alamance Battleground State Historic site.
Descendants of participants of that battle - Regulators, Tryon's militia and the Allen family - will exchange stories and share genealogy research Aug. 8, 9 a.m. to p.m. at a "Descendants Gathering" at the site. On June 19,six Regulators were hanged in Hillsborough following the Battle of Alamance on May The hanging represented a culmination of the War of Regulation and the “backcountry” rebellion by Orange County Regulators.
Like many of those throughout the colonies discontented with the control of and taxation by the British government, the Regulators wanted the Currency Act of and the. The War of the Regulation (also known as Regulator Movement) was an uprising in the British North America's Carolina colonies, lasting from about toin which citizens took up arms against colonial officials, whom they viewed as corrupt.
On June 19th a memorial event is held in Hillsborough honoring The Regulators who were hanged. They mention four men by name and list two as unknown by name. However, when I looked under The Battle of Alamance on Wikipedia, Peter Craven is listed as one of the 6 men who were hanged.Download